Aykırı Vakıflar: Osmanlıda Fukarâ-yı Müslimîni de Gözeten Gayrimüslim Vakıfları
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This work investigates fourteen non-Muslim (Christian and Jewish) waqfs and also those for “poor Muslims”. In the literature this is the first work to shed light on “unusual waqfs” which are unusual among innumerable non-Muslim waqfs. Five of these waqfs are charitable, and the other nine ones are ahlî (family) waqf in type. The names of these waqf founders are as following: Âkile bt. Harun b. İbrahim (Jewish), Mansur b. Abdullah (Jewish), Gâliye bt. Sadun Kallâş (Jewish), Musa b. Davut b. Yakub (Jewish), Süleyman b. Davud (Jewish), Panayot veled-i [v.] Rafir (Greek), Semha bint-i [bt.] Musa (Jewish), Benyamin v. Musa (Jewish), Limon v. Yani (Greek), Halepli Sefer (Armenian), Sakyas v. Hacader v. Zirek (Armenian), Anica bt. Radul v. Angili (Greek), Mihail v. Toma (Greek) ve Nikolaki v. Şahin (Greek). The work is divided into two parts. In the first part, the legal background which allowed foundations to be set up for non-Muslims will be given with regard to its basis in history. The place and development of these foundations in Islamic and Ottoman history will be summarized retrospectively. The ideas of Shaykh al-Islam Ebussuud Efendi, who shaped the legal framework of non-Muslim foundations, will be examined in this context. In the second part, fourteen waqfs in question will be examined and the copies of the related documents (waqf deeds) will be found in facsimile form in an appendix. It has been hoped to arrive at the concept of a consensus for the perception of charity for the subjects of the Ottoman Empire, regardless of their religious identity.
SourceOsmanlı Araştırmaları Dergisi
- Sayı 54